The objectives of Project FIRE
Project FIRE has two objectives:
The project will serve as a support tool for law enforcement agencies (LEAs) and prosecutors. It will provide them with:
The issues addressed by Project FIRE
Project FIRE addresses the problem of data availability within the EU MS. The improvement of the base of data and information on ITF is necessary to analyse the ITF and to identify the vulnerabilities that facilitate its commission.
In addition, the integration and harmonization of data is crucial to compare the results and to improve the prevention strategies of law enforcement and existing policies, the exchange of information and operational cooperation, both at the national and international level.
The ITF has been set as a pivot in the Stockholm Programme, and it has been identified by Europol as a key threat in the latest EU SOCTA 2013. The fight against ITF has also been identified for the first time as a priority by EU member states and the Commission for the policy cycle 2014 – 2017 of the Standing Committee on Operational Cooperation on Internal Security (COSI). Understanding ITF and its dynamics is crucial to address these priorities and to prevent the crime within the EU.
How Project FIRE addresses these issues
In order to collect and harmonise data and information on ITF in the most comprehensive way possible, Project FIRE adopts a multiple methodological approach using a variety of sources:
These data and information are collected from open sources and university libraries, but also through interviews with experts and direct contacts with EU LEAs, judicial agencies, customs, and national and regional regulatory bodies.
In order to understand the ITF in the 28 EU MS, all the data and information are analysed using a variety of methodologies. Project FIRE develops quantitative and statistical analysis, spatial analysis, content analysis of open sources and information from the web, qualitative analysis of case studies, regulatory and crime proofing analysis of the regulation.
What is the added value of Project FIRE?
Project FIRE leads to a crucial improvement in terms of knowledge about the ITF. It identifies best practices and recommendations that could be adopted at EU level to reduce and prevent ITF. The project will provide tools for use by EU police officers and judicial authorities to gain better understanding of ITF and thus tackle the crime more effectively. They enable EU policy makers to devise regulations more effective in preventing ITF and the legal firearm industry to devise more effective strategies to reduce the illegal use of the legal firearms.
Project FIRE represents a platform for the exchange of data and information on ITF among EU LEAs, judicial authorities and other investigative agencies. It constitutes also a European forum, complementary to the Firearms Expert Group and the European Firearms Experts, in which to implement cooperation and coordination among all actors active in the field. .